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Last time I saw this it was a virus, any chance of that? This can be a process mapping views of files into its memory for reading or writing or for the system file cache. For more details on mapped files, see the references at the end of this post. I know this as I solved a miss-configured VMware farm of rds servers. The next page of interest is the File Summary tab.

The File Summary tab will show you very detailed information about which files are loaded in RAM on your system, including a breakdown of how that memory is being used Active, Standby, Modified and Modified No-Write.

This tab makes it very easy to track down which files are using your RAM. Although 7. Mystery solved. The outlook offline storage file is taking up the most RAM, followed by my local search index and several thousand smaller files.

Thanks guys, but sometimes best practice, and real world don’t go hand in hand, i set SQL to have a max upper memory limit of 4GB 64GB in server and so far, the server seems stable. It is purely used for Medical Director, so the server should cope, considering dual 6 core Xeon, and 64Gb ram I’ll let you know if anything changes!

Brand Representative for Microsoft. This is clearly a very heavy multi-use machine. The only way to ensure that all of those processes will play safely together is to limit the ones like SQL Server that are designed to use as many resources as are available to it.

I think your approach is a good one. I would watch the Available MBs counter for a while and see how much free memory there is most of the time and if there is enough, then increase the memory limits of SQL Server. General statement for others: Just remember that SQL Server is designed to think it is the most important application on the server.

It doesn’t care what resources anyone else needs. If you don’t reign it in, it won’t do it voluntarily. To continue this discussion, please ask a new question. Get answers from your peers along with millions of IT pros who visit Spiceworks. Windows Server Best Answer. Robert This person is a verified professional. Verify your account to enable IT peers to see that you are a professional.

View this “Best Answer” in the replies below ». Popular Topics in Windows Server. Licensing editions Compare features in all editions to determine the ideal solution for your virtualization and cloud computing needs. Datacenter edition is ideal for customers who want to have a highly virtualized private and hybrid cloud environment. As always, it provides access to all the product features and enables unlimited instances of Windows Server with each license, enabling your virtual environment to grow as you do.

The licensing for Datacenter edition will continue to be processor plus CAL Client Access License , with each license covering up to two physical processors on a single server. Standard edition is ideal for those customers who want to have a physical or lightly virtualized environment. This edition enables you to run up to two virtual instances of Windows Server with each license and provides all the same features as Datacenter edition.

The licensing for Standard edition will continue to be processor plus CAL, with each license covering up to two physical processors on a single server, just like Datacenter edition. Essentials edition is ideal for small businesses that have up to 25 users and want to have a simpler, pre-configured connection to cloud-based services.

This edition enables you to run a single virtual instance of Essentials. The licensing for Essentials will continue to be a server license for a two processor server that does not require CALs. Foundation edition is ideal for small businesses that have up to 15 users and want a general purpose server. The licensing for Foundation has not changed; it continues to be a server license for a one-processor server that does not require CALs and is sold only through OEM original equipment manufacturer.

FAQ Find answers to questions about features, licensing models, and determining which edition is right for you. How is Windows Server R2 licensed? Here are just a few examples:. How do I determine which Windows Server R2 edition is right for me? If you purchase Standard edition today but find you need to expand the virtualization capacity of your licensed server, you can do one of the following:.

Related resources. Azure Hybrid Use Benefit. Windows Server R2 product page. Windows Server R2 licensing guide. Windows Server R2 datasheet. Licensing Microsoft server products in virtual environments.

 
 

Performing an in-place upgrade of Windows Server | Compute Engine Documentation | Google Cloud

 

On the devices running Windows 10 version RS4 or RS5, Kaspersky Security Center might be unable to detect some vulnerabilities in folders where case sensitivity is enabled. Preliminary assessment of space required in the database and on the hard drive for Administration Server. Assessing traffic between Network Agent and an Administration Server. Private Git repository to store, manage, and track code. Task management service for asynchronous task execution. Fully managed continuous delivery to Google Kubernetes Engine.

Full cloud control from Windows PowerShell. Healthcare and Life Sciences. Solution for bridging existing care systems and apps on Google Cloud. Tools for managing, processing, and transforming biomedical data. Real-time insights from unstructured medical text. Integration that provides a serverless development platform on GKE.

Tool to move workloads and existing applications to GKE. Service for executing builds on Google Cloud infrastructure. Traffic control pane and management for open service mesh. API management, development, and security platform. Fully managed solutions for the edge and data centers. Internet of Things. IoT device management, integration, and connection service. Automate policy and security for your deployments.

Dashboard to view and export Google Cloud carbon emissions reports. Programmatic interfaces for Google Cloud services.

Web-based interface for managing and monitoring cloud apps. App to manage Google Cloud services from your mobile device. Interactive shell environment with a built-in command line. Kubernetes add-on for managing Google Cloud resources.

Tools for monitoring, controlling, and optimizing your costs. Tools for easily managing performance, security, and cost. Service catalog for admins managing internal enterprise solutions. Open source tool to provision Google Cloud resources with declarative configuration files. Media and Gaming. Game server management service running on Google Kubernetes Engine. Service to convert live video and package for streaming. Open source render manager for visual effects and animation.

Convert video files and package them for optimized delivery. Service for dynamic or server-side ad insertion. App migration to the cloud for low-cost refresh cycles. Data import service for scheduling and moving data into BigQuery. Reference templates for Deployment Manager and Terraform. Components for migrating VMs and physical servers to Compute Engine. Storage server for moving large volumes of data to Google Cloud. Data transfers from online and on-premises sources to Cloud Storage. Migrate and run your VMware workloads natively on Google Cloud.

Security policies and defense against web and DDoS attacks. Content delivery network for serving web and video content. Domain name system for reliable and low-latency name lookups. Service for distributing traffic across applications and regions. NAT service for giving private instances internet access.

Connectivity options for VPN, peering, and enterprise needs. Connectivity management to help simplify and scale networks. Network monitoring, verification, and optimization platform. Cloud network options based on performance, availability, and cost. Google Cloud audit, platform, and application logs management. Infrastructure and application health with rich metrics.

Application error identification and analysis. GKE app development and troubleshooting. Tracing system collecting latency data from applications. CPU and heap profiler for analyzing application performance. Real-time application state inspection and in-production debugging. Tools for easily optimizing performance, security, and cost. Permissions management system for Google Cloud resources. Compliance and security controls for sensitive workloads. Manage encryption keys on Google Cloud.

Encrypt data in use with Confidential VMs. Platform for defending against threats to your Google Cloud assets. Sensitive data inspection, classification, and redaction platform. Managed Service for Microsoft Active Directory. Cloud provider visibility through near real-time logs.

Two-factor authentication device for user account protection. Store API keys, passwords, certificates, and other sensitive data. Zero trust solution for secure application and resource access. Platform for creating functions that respond to cloud events. Workflow orchestration for serverless products and API services. Cloud-based storage services for your business.

File storage that is highly scalable and secure. Block storage for virtual machine instances running on Google Cloud. Object storage for storing and serving user-generated content. Block storage that is locally attached for high-performance needs.

Managed backup and disaster recovery for application-consistent data protection. Contact us today to get a quote. Request a quote. Pricing Overview Google Cloud pricing. Pay only for what you use with no lock-in.

Product-specific Pricing Compute Engine. Get quickstarts and reference architectures. Stay in the know and become an innovator. Prepare and register for certifications. Browse upcoming Google Cloud events. Read our latest product news and stories. Read what industry analysts say about us. Expert help and training Consulting.

Partner with our experts on cloud projects. Enroll in on-demand or classroom training. Ask questions, find answers, and connect. Partners and third-party tools Google Cloud partners. Explore benefits of working with a partner. The Windows Server R2 Datacenter edition is the flagship product created to meet the needs of medium to large enterprises. The major difference between the Standard and Datacenter edition is that the Datacenter edition allows the creation of unlimited Virtual Machines and is therefore suitable for environments with extensive use of virtualization technology.

Before purchasing the Windows Server operating system, it is very important to understand the difference between various editions, the table below shows the difference between the four editions of Windows Server For example, a CAL assigned to a user, allows only that user to access the server via any device.

Likewise, if a DAL is assigned to particular device, then any authenticated user using that device is allowed to access the server. We can use a simple example to help highlight the practical differences between CAL and DAL licensing models and understand the most cost-effective approach:. Assume an environment with Windows Server R2 standard edition and a total of 50 users and 25 devices workstations. In this case, we can purchase either 50 CAL licenses to cover the 50 users we have or alternatively 25 DAL licenses to cover the total amount of workstations that need to access the server.

In this scenario, purchasing DALs is a more cost effective solution. If however we had 10 users with a total of 20 devices , e. Windows Server Foundation is available to OEMs Original Equipment Manufacturers only and therefore can only be purchased at the time of purchasing a n new hardware server.

Windows Foundation edition supports up to 15 users. In addition, Foundation edition owners cannot upgrade to other editions. The following table specifies the limits on physical memory for Windows Server Windows Server is available only in X64 editions.

The following table specifies the limits on physical memory for Windows Server R2. Windows Server R2 is available only in bit editions. If the memory is remapped, X64 Windows can use this memory.

On the devices running Windows 10 version RS4 or RS5, Kaspersky Security Center might be unable to detect some vulnerabilities in folders where case sensitivity is enabled. Network Agent for Linux and Network Agent for macOS are provided together with Kaspersky security applications for these operating systems. For a bit operating system, the minimum CPU frequency is 1.

 

Windows 8 and Windows Server – Memory Limits and editions

 

This single virtual machine instance can be Windows Server R2 Essential edition only, seriously limiting the virtualization options but allowing companies to begin exploring the benefits of the virtualization platform. The Standard edition is able to support an unlimited amount of users, as long as the required user licenses have been purchased. We should note that the Standard edition supports up to 2 Virtual Machines. The Windows Server R2 Datacenter edition is the flagship product created to meet the needs of medium to large enterprises.

The major difference between the Standard and Datacenter edition is that the Datacenter edition allows the creation of unlimited Virtual Machines and is therefore suitable for environments with extensive use of virtualization technology.

Before purchasing the Windows Server operating system, it is very important to understand the difference between various editions, the table below shows the difference between the four editions of Windows Server For example, a CAL assigned to a user, allows only that user to access the server via any device.

Likewise, if a DAL is assigned to particular device, then any authenticated user using that device is allowed to access the server. We can use a simple example to help highlight the practical differences between CAL and DAL licensing models and understand the most cost-effective approach:. Assume an environment with Windows Server R2 standard edition and a total of 50 users and 25 devices workstations. In this case, we can purchase either 50 CAL licenses to cover the 50 users we have or alternatively 25 DAL licenses to cover the total amount of workstations that need to access the server.

In this scenario, purchasing DALs is a more cost effective solution. If however we had 10 users with a total of 20 devices , e. Windows Server Foundation is available to OEMs Original Equipment Manufacturers only and therefore can only be purchased at the time of purchasing a n new hardware server. Windows Foundation edition supports up to 15 users.

In addition, Foundation edition owners cannot upgrade to other editions. The Essential edition of server is available to OEMs with the purchase of new hardware and also at retail stores. The user limit of this server edition is 25 and device limit is This means that a maximum of 25 users amongst 50 computers can access the Windows Server Essentials edition. For example, you have 20 users rotating randomly amongst 25 computers accessing the Server Essentials edition, without any problem.

A common question at this point is what if the organization expands and increases its users and computers? In these cases Microsoft provides an upgrade path allowing organizations to upgrade to the Windows Server Standard or Datacenter edition license and perform an in-place license transition. Before you decide to use an in-place upgrade to migrate to a newer version of Windows Server, be aware of the following limitations:.

Downtime: Depending on the configuration and software installed, the upgrade might take an hour or longer. During the upgrade, access to the VM instance is limited because:. Risk: Depending on the configurations of your existing instances and the installed software:. Depending on the workload running on your Windows Server instance, you can reduce downtime and risk by pursuing different approaches. A Windows Server product key is valid for only a specific version; when you perform an upgrade to a later version of Windows Server, you must supply a new product key.

There are two primary scenarios:. You are upgrading a VM instance that is based on a public operating system image provided by Google: In this scenario, you must use the predefined KMS client setup keys for the version of Windows Server that you are upgrading to.

The upgrade does not incur additional charges. You are upgrading a VM instance for which you brought an existing license: In BYOL , you need to acquire a product key from your license vendor to perform the upgrade.

Check the Microsoft documentation to determine which edition you can upgrade to and whether you are eligible for license conversion. You are upgrading a VM instance that is based on a public operating system image provided by Google: In this scenario, you can use the volume license installation media provided by Google. The steps to access this installation media are provided below.

You are upgrading a VM instance that is based on an imported disk or image: In this scenario, you cannot use the installation media provided by Google. Instead, you have to use an installation media that matches the type of media that you used to install Windows Server on the imported disk or image. Before you begin your upgrade, review the Microsoft documentation about prerequisites and potential limitations for the version of Windows Server you are planning to upgrade to:.

Verify that your VM instance meets the system requirements for Windows Server and has sufficient free disk space. Review recommendations for upgrading server roles , known issues , and the upgrade process for Windows Server R2. Review the recommendations for planning an in-place upgrade.

Verify that you aren’t affected by features removed or deprecated in Windows Server R2. Verify that any of your custom or third-party software is compatible with Windows Server R2. Review the server role upgrade and migration matrix for Windows Server and application compatibility table. Verify that you aren’t affected by features removed or planned for replacement in Windows Server Review the Windows Server and Microsoft Server application compatibility list.

Before you start the upgrade, we recommend that you create a snapshot of your VM instance , so that you can revert to a safe state in case anything goes wrong:. Create a regular snapshot for the boot disk of your VM instance. Verify that Windows Server is up to date by using Windows Update. Disable or uninstall antivirus, antispyware, and other agents that can interfere with the upgrade or are incompatible with the Windows Server version that you’re upgrading to.

Before you can perform the upgrade, attach the necessary installation media to the VM instance. The right media to use depends on your scenario:. You are upgrading a VM instance that is based on an imported disk or image: In this scenario, you also need to attach the volume license installation media provided by Google so that you can access the necessary scripts.

Additionally, you have to attach a custom installation media that matches the type of media that you used to install Windows Server on the imported disk or image. Go to the Google Cloud console. Set the default project ID.

Create a disk based on the installation media. This command adds a disk named win-installers to your project. This disk is not attached to any VM instance. Attach the disk to your VM instance by using read-only ro mode, so that you can attach the disk to multiple VM instances if necessary:. If you are upgrading a VM instance that is based on an imported disk or image, attach the custom installation media as an additional disk:.

Follow the steps in Creating an image from an ISO file to create a disk from the ISO image that you want to use as custom installation media. Attach the disk to your VM instance, by using read-only ro mode so that you can attach the disk to multiple VM instances if necessary:.

By default, Windows Setup prompts you for input at various points during an upgrade. Because you can’t connect to the VM instance by using RDP during the upgrade and therefore can’t provide any input, run the upgrade in unattended mode. For more information, see Connecting to instances. Change the working directory to the installation media.

The correct working directory depends on the Windows Server version that you are upgrading to:. Start the Windows upgrade. The required steps to start the upgrade depend on the Windows Server version that you are upgrading to and whether your VM instance is based on a public operating system image or on an imported disk or image:. Run upgrade. The script completes the following steps:. On the Select Image screen, select the configuration that matches your current configuration:. Depending on the machine type of your VM instance and your Windows Server configuration, the upgrade might take between 10 and 60 minutes to complete.

During that time, you can observe the status through the serial port output :. Wait until the machine has rebooted four times. Depending on the configuration of your VM instance, it might take 30 minutes or more for these reboots to occur.

You can recognize a reboot by output that looks similar to this:. After the fourth reboot, wait until the output GCEMetadataScripts: Finished running startup scripts or No startup scripts to run appears. You can now connect to the VM instance to verify that the upgrade has been successfully completed. Restart the VM instance to ensure all changes take effect. It might take 1 to 2 minutes for the reboot to complete before you can connect to the VM instance again.

Connect to the machine by using an RDP client. Use Windows Update to install the latest Windows updates. You might have to restart the VM instance multiple times during this process. If you suspect that the upgrade failed or is not progressing, use the following approaches, in order, to diagnose the situation:. To check the progress of the upgrade process, view the serial port output of the VM instance:. During the upgrade, you should observe four reboots.

If you don’t observe any progress for more than 30 minutes after the first reboot, it is likely that the upgrade failed. Go to VM instances. Using the EMS console, check the Windows Setup log files and the event log for indications that the upgrade is still progressing or for information about any errors that might have occurred. When prompted for credentials, enter the username and password of an administrative user account. Use the remote PowerShell session to check the Windows Setup log files and the event log.

If you can’t connect to the instance by using Windows Remote Management WinRM , you can cancel the upgrade and analyze the log files from a different VM instance.

To do this, follow these steps:. Stop the VM instance. Detach the boot disk from the instance. Create a new, temporary Windows Server instance, and attach the boot disk of the original instance as an additional disk.

Use the temporary Windows Server instance to analyze the setup log and event log files of the instance that you were trying to upgrade. After you have completed the analysis, detach the disk from the temporary instance and reattach it as a boot disk to the original VM instance. For information about troubleshooting your Windows Server instances, see Tips and troubleshooting for Windows instances. To avoid incurring further costs after you have completed this process, delete the installation disk.

You can create an installation disk based on the Google-provided image at any time. If you don’t plan to upgrade more VM instances in the same zone, delete the installation disk:. In Cloud Shell, delete the win-installers disk that you created earlier:. Learn how to bring existing licenses to Compute Engine.

Learn how to connect to Windows instances. Learn about sole-tenant nodes on Compute Engine. Work through more Windows tutorials. Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4. For details, see the Google Developers Site Policies. Overview close Accelerate your digital transformation Whether your business is early in its journey or well on its way to digital transformation, Google Cloud can help solve your toughest challenges.

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After you have installed Oracle Database XE, the database is up and running and you can begin using it right away. If the database is currently stopped, start it as follows: from the Start menu, select Programs or All Programs , then Oracle Database 11g Express Edition , and then click Start Database.

When you deinstall Oracle Database XE, all components, including data files, the database, and the software, are removed. Because the deinstallation process removes all files from the directory in which Oracle Database XE is installed, back up any files from the directory if needed before you deinstall. When the deinstallation completes, click Finish. The installation executable, setup. The setup. A result code of 0 means the deinstallation succeeded.

Connect to This will generate install. Install This will trigger the execution of ws. If you find any security vulnerabilities with Oracle Database XE, then send a description of the problem to Oracle at the following e-mail address:. This section explains how to configure globalization settings for Oracle Database XE. It covers the following topics:. Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide provides more information about languages.

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Oracle Corporation and its affiliates will not be responsible for any loss, costs, or damages incurred due to your access to or use of third-party content, products, or services. The bit database client runs on both bit Windows and Windows x See Also: The following

 
 

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